This contract contains the entire bargain between us and in the case of any inconsistency between these terms and the terms of any other contract documents sent by you to us (whatever their respective dates) in respect to the goods, these terms shall prevail. These conditions shall apply except as may be expressly agreed by us in writing. Any concession or waiver made by us at any time shall not prejudice the exercise of our rights hereunder.
Terms and Conditions of Sale
- This contract contains the entire bargain between us and in the case of any inconsistency between these terms and the terms of any other contract documents sent by you to us (whatever their respective dates) in respect to the goods, these terms shall prevail. These conditions shall apply except as may be expressly agreed by us in writing. Any concession or waiver made by us at any time shall not prejudice the exercise of our rights hereunder.
- We warrant that, save as otherwise herein specifically provided, the goods will accord with our contract specification and will be of sound materials and workmanship. Reasonable variations in thread counts, strength, weight, width, shrinkage, shade, colour fastness and fluidity shall be allowed. Unless stated on the contract, we shall be deemed not to be aware of any special, or particular, purpose for which the goods or any product made therefrom is required. If any special, or particular, characteristics are required in the goods they must be stated on the contract. Any samples supplied by us to you are so furnished only to give an indication as to the quality of the goods. We do not warrant that the samples will accord with the contract specification or that the goods supplied will accord with the sample.
- All the Company products contain natural fibres and shrinkage, after successive laundering, will occur in the length and width of approximately up to 10-15%, depending on the construction. The washed or preshrunk finished products will have most but not necessarily all this shrinkage removed.
- a) Delivery date(s) means date(s) upon which the goods are ready for despatch to the point of delivery specified. b) All deliveries must be taken up by the final delivery date stated in the contract. c) The promised delivery date specified is a genuine forecast in the light of the current conditions, but it is given without legal commitment and we accept no liability if in the event we are unable to meet it.
- The Company will endeavour to supply the exact quantities of goods ordered but, unless otherwise specifically agreed: a) The total quantity shall be subject to a tolerance either way of 10% and you will pay for the actual quantities of the goods delivered. b) The indicated piece lengths are given as a general indication but without legal commitment.
- a) In the event of our costs increasing between the hereof and the actual date of the delivery owing to wars, Queen’s enemies, defence measures, imposition of new customs, excise or other duties or taxes, or increase of customs, excise or other duties or taxes, increase in the cost of raw materials or labour, scarcity of labour or any other cause whatsoever, the price at which your order is booked may be increased in respect of that portion of the Order which is undelivered on the day when written notice of such increase in the costs shall be given by us to you. b) In the event that you fail to take delivery of any part of the goods in accordance with Condition 5(a) above, we shall be entitled by notice in writing to you to increase the price of the goods remaining undelivered to our standard price or prices ruling on the actual date of delivery.
- a) If a Force Majeure Event beyond our reasonable control prevent us from delivering any goods by the appropriate date, such date shall be postponed for a reasonable period. Beyond such period we may without liability cancel this contract as regards such goods, or we may without liability cancel this contract as regards such goods unless the products either have been, or are in the course of being made, or have been appropriated by us to this contact. A Force Majeure Event means any event beyond our reasonable control, which by its nature could not have been foreseen, or, if it could have been foreseen, was unavoidable, including strikes, lock-outs or other such industrial disputes (whether involving our own workforce or a third party’s), failure of energy sources or transport network, acts of God, war, terrorism, riot, civil commotion, interference by civil or military authorities, national or international calamity, armed conflict, malicious damage, breakdown of plant or machinery, nuclear, chemical or biological contamination, explosions, collapse or failure of building structures, fires, floods, storms or weather conditions, earthquakes, loss at sea, epidemics or similar events, or default of suppliers or sub-contractors’. b) If, by reason of any such circumstances we are prevented from supplying you with the full quantity of the goods delivered under this contract and also at the same time maintaining if full our other business, then we shall be at liberty to withhold, reduce, or suspend delivery to you to such an extent as we shall consider reasonable and equitable in all the circumstances. c) We shall give a much advance notice as possible of any proposed action by us under paragraph (a) or (b) above to enable you to make alternative arrangements for the purchase of the goods during the period of reduced or suspended delivery, and in this event you will be free to purchase from other suppliers your requirements of the goods to make good your anticipated or actual deficiency but we shall not be bound to acquire by purchase or otherwise additional quantities of the goods from other suppliers.
- a) Complaints relating to quality will only be considered provided notice in writing is given to us within 28 days after receipt of goods, by you or your agents, and the defective goods are placed aside for inspection by our representative, or returned to the Company at your cost for inspection; as specified. This shall be a condition precedent to the giving of any credit allowance in respect of replacing the goods alleged to be defective, including any reasonable carriage charges. Note that if you fail to take reasonable care of the goods or soil or launder them the Company reserves the right not to accept their return b) Our liability in respect of goods proved by you to be defective is limited to giving you a reasonable credit allowance in respect of (or at our option to replacing at the point of delivery specified on your order) the goods, but in no circumstances will our maximum liability here-under exceed the invoice value of the defective goods. c) In particular, we shall not be liable for – (i) adverse effects resulting from the application to the goods of any process, operation or treatment, unless specifically recommended by the Company and we have agreed to be so liable, nor (ii) for any goods which have been cut or processed by the Buyer or their agents or in a way damaged after the risk in the goods has passed to the Buyer (iii) any expenditure incurred by you in respect of goods proved or alleged to be defective, nor (iv) loss of profit not for consequential loss of any kind to you however caused. d) Claims for loss or damage in transit of goods shipped at our risk will only be considered if made so as to reach us within such period as will enable a valid claim to be made against the carrier. e) In the event of your failure to give us notice as specified in paragraph (a) or (d) above, your claim shall be deemed to have been waived and shall be absolutely barred. f) Where a complaint or a claim has been made in respect of goods proved or alleged to be defective we may suspend further deliveries of goods under this contract until the validity of such complaint or claim has been finally determined and, in such events, the applicable delivery date(s) shall be postponed accordingly. g) If on or after delivery we make any allowance to you in respect of any claim and such allowance is accepted by you, no further claim may be made by you in respect of that matter.
- a) If you purport to cancel this contract or refuse to accept delivery of goods hereunder, you will be liable to us for the full contract price. b) We shall be entitled to charge interest at the rate of 8% above the base lending rate from time to time of the Bank of England: on (i) all overdue payments (ii) the price of any goods of which you shall have failed to take delivery until the date they were actually delivered to you or otherwise disposed of. (iii) The Company reserves the right to claim interest and compensation under the Late Payment of Commercial Debts (Interest) Act 1998.c) We shall be entitled to suspend or cancel further deliveries under this and any other contract between you and us: (i) if payment is overdue or (ii) if you shall have failed to take delivery of any goods or (iii) (after notice) if and to the extent of the goods delivered would exceed, your credit limit whether or not advised to you and whether or not payment is overdue. d) For the purpose of this condition time of our receipt of payment shall be of the essence of this contract. e) The Buyer shall make all payments due under the Contract in full without deduction whether by way of set-off, counterclaim, discount, abatement or otherwise unless the Buyer has a valid court order requiring an amount equal to such deduction to be paid by the Company to the Buyer.
- a) Only in exceptional circumstances, and with the agreement of a Company director, will full credit terms be extended to a new or first time Buyer. b) To be extended credit terms Buyers must regularly purchase in excess of £1200 worth of business per annum from the Company. By applying for an account Buyers authorise the Company to complete the necessary credit checks. Buyers will be given credit accounts and credit limits based on these checks and the amount and history of trading with the Company. c) Subject to the condition of f), where credit terms are extended the Buyer shall pay the invoice price in full within 30 days of the invoice date. Payments can be made by BACS, cheque, or cred/debit card. d) If a Buyers account exceeds the credit limit or has outstanding payments against it then no further orders will be dispatched from that contract until the account is returned to credit. e) In the case of bespoke, tailor-made, custom, non-standard, non-stock, or goods made to order. These goods will require payment in advance. Exceptions to be agreed in writing by a director. f) No payment shall be deemed to have been received until the Company has received cleared funds in their bank account. g) The Company reserves the right to cancel, or reduce, any credit account without notice. Credit terms WILL be withdrawn following any circumstances of extended payment outside the terms here stated. Or after any unreasonable requests to cancel agreed orders. h) The Buyer may cancel their credit account at any time by writing to the Company accounts team. Individual orders from stock products may be cancelled prior to dispatch by telephoning or emailing the Company customer services team. In the case of bespoke, tailor-made, custom, non-standard, non-stock, or goods made specially to order. These products are excluded from the normal cancellation and refunds policy; however, such an exception would not affect a Buyers statutory rights in relation to faulty goods.
- a) The risk in the goods shall pass to you when we deliver the goods in accordance with the terms hereof to you or to your agent or other person to whom we have been authorised by you to deliver the goods, and we shall have no responsibility in respect of the safety of the goods thereafter and accordingly you should insure the goods thereafter against such risks (if any) as you think appropriate. b) However, the ownership of the goods shall remain with us and we reserve the right to dispose of the goods until payment in full for all the goods has been received by us in accordance with the terms of the contract or until such time as you sell the goods to your customers by way of bona fide sale at full market value.
- All designs and sketches are submitted by us in confidence and unless otherwise agreed in writing they and the copyright in them remain our property.
- This contract contains all the terms and conditions of purchase and the sale relating to the supply of the goods to which it relates. No further conditions will be recognised by or binding on either you or us apart from the actual quantities, prices and delivery dates notwithstanding that such conditions may be annexed to any documents exchanged between us relating to this contract or the supply of goods hereunder.
- This contract shall be interpreted exclusively according to the laws of the United Kingdom (as it applies in Northern Ireland) and you hereby accept the jurisdiction of such courts, whether in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, as we may nominate for the purpose of trying any action arising out of this court.
- While we try to ensure that all prices in the Company price lists or on the website, or elsewhere transmitted or communicated are accurate, errors may occur. If we discover an error in the price of goods you have ordered we will inform you as soon as possible and give you the option of reconfirming your order at the correct price or cancelling it. If we are unable to contact you we will treat the order as cancelled. If you cancel and you have already paid for the goods, you will receive a full refund.
From the European Commission
John England Contact Details (a part of Franklin’s Group):
John England (Banbridge) Ltd.
54 Scarva Road
Registered in N.Ireland No: NI615091
VAT Number: GB143016259
To achieve our best economies of scale in manufacturing we need orders to be over 250 metres (275 yards) in length. Savings we make on orders over 250 metres allow us to be much more efficient. We can pass much of these savings on to our customers to help us be more competitive.
Orders for a fabric under 250 metres (275 yards) length is considered a small order.
Price breaks are offered by John England for convenience. This allows customers to buy small quantities, to try out in their range, before bulk purchase. The minimum wholesale order is only £200.
John England are designers and manufacturers, not just wholesalers.
To achieve economies of scale orders must be over 250 metres (275 yards) in length. Savings made on orders over 250 metres allow greater efficiencies in weaving. We can pass these savings on to our customers to make us more competitive, and encourage larger orders.
An order for fabric under 250 metres (275 yards) length is considered a small order.
If you want the best prices please try to keep orders above 250 metres. Remember cutting to exact lengths is an extra cost, and leaves us with wasted short lengths. There are definite savings if customers take full rolls. This avoids cutting, secondary rolling costs, and leaving us with off-cuts.
John England understand that not all our customers require 250m + lengths of fabric. To help we have price breaks for small quantities under 250 metres in length.
The price breaks are as follows:
150m-250m, 100m-149m, 50m-99m, 13m-49m, 6m-12m. The minimum order is 6 metres.
For orders over 250 metres an up-to-date quotation will be given.
Business can be seasonal, and some times of the year the Company is less busy than others. If customers allow us to weave their order during these periods it will help us quote the best prices.
There is not much savings to be made after 1000m.
Whilst John England sell mainly linen fabrics this is by no means a hard and fast rule. Yarns from other fibres can be used.
John England is often asked what fibres are used in the fabric ranges.
The company currently specialise in flax linen fabrics. However, also sell fabrics woven with linen warps, and weft yarns made from other fibres. These include hemp, cotton, wool, polyamide, polyester, and nylon.
The company is rapidly growing its use of hemp yarns, and the new range of hemp fabrics is named the ‘hempy’ range
Various fibres have been added added to enhance the linen and introduce different properties to the fabrics. These properties are physical, aesthetic and organoleptic. They include increased rub resistance for upholstery fabrics, different handles, properties, drapes and appearances to the linens for fashion and home use.
It is important to design, or engineer, fabrics for specific end-uses. As well as the weave construction, the selection of the fibre is a very important part of this process.
Yarns made from fibres such as 100% cotton or 100% hemp, are used. Subject to minimums; at least 1000m.
You can buy almost all John England fabrics washed, preshrunk and softened. This basically involves various types of commercial laundering processes.
After this process there may be a small amount of residual shrinkage left, but most will be removed.
Almost all John England fabrics can be supplied washed and preshrunk.
One problem that can make an amazing garment look terrible is fabric shrinkage. Simple precautions can be taken to very much reduce this, even if it cannot be totally eliminated. Preshrinking is a step that must not be missed at any cost.
This why you can purchase almost all John England fabrics washed, preshrunk and softened. This basically involves various types of commercial laundering. John England has its own laundry and has full control of this process. John England also is in a soft water area, which is of great benefit for washed fabrics..
After this process there may be a small amount of residual shrinkage left, but most will be removed. Generally the trade like the residual shrinkage to be 4% or less.
The purpose of this process is to shrink fabrics in such a way that garments, or items, made up from them do not, or shrink very little, in subsequent washing by the end user. This process also softens the linen, improves the handle, and removes any impurities picked up during processing.
Please note that washed lengths of fabric are usually 20-25 metres at most. This is because this is the optimum amount that can be washed at any one time, and also it produces a roll of fabric that can easily be handled by our staff, and those of the shipping companies.
Some fabrics can be Sanforized. This is a trademark used for fabric preshrunk by a patented mechanical process. Please ask our sales staff about this.
The company does aim to hold its standard colours in stock. However, sales can be greater than expected.
Are standard colours always in stock? The company does aim to hold its standard colours in stock to cover smaller and medium sized orders. However, sales can be greater than expected. In these circumstances house stocks may be sold out before the next batch comes back from the dyer and finisher.
Also, our stocks may not cover an order which is several hundred metres. In this case we would recommend customers getting us to dye a new batch so that the whole order is from the same dye batch to minimize colour variation.
In these situations we hope our customers can accept an alternative. Or wait the relatively short period until the new batch comes back from the dyer and finisher.
In November 2012 John England Textiles Ltd sold the assets and trading name of John England. John England Textiles Ltd. was based in Belfast, N.Ireland. When John England Textiles Ltd had sold the trading name to John England (Banbridge) Ltd. the new name of the once John England Textiles Ltd., became MRJO Ltd. MRJO Ltd has no connection with the new company John England (Banbridge) Ltd.
John England (Banbridge) Ltd is a new company formed in November 2012. This new company, as the name suggests, is based in Banbridge, Co. Down, N.Ireland. This is about 25 miles south of Belfast. Banbridge is an old Irish linen town and is situated on the river Bann in the historic Linen Heartlands of N. Ireland.
The owners of the new John England (Banbridge) Ltd. also own a few other small textile companies. One of these being an Irish linen company called Thomas Ferguson & Co Ltd. Thomas Ferguson previously wove fabrics for the old John England company, and this relationship will continue, and most likely increase.
There is some sharing of resources with the current owners other companies, but John England is very much run as an independent company.
Please note that all the bank account details have changed.
It is assuredly the objective of the new owners to keep the memory of the founder John England alive, and to maintain all the best of what he brought to the brand.
John England can dye batches of customers custom colours down to about 150 metres.The waiting time, including approval of the new dye shade is about 6-7 weeks. Depending on how busy the dye house is at the time of ordering.
Please note however. The minimum dye batch size for our wide width fabrics is 250m , for fabrics over 183cm (72″) in width.
John England is sometimes asked about colour shade variation between dye batches. To show how big an issue shade variation between dye batches is to the industry you only need to carry out a Google search on the subject.
The dyeing industry
John England feels there is too much acceptance of this in the industry as an unfortunate characteristic. Improved practices, and greater diligence and concentration by both management and operator is paramount to reducing the problem.
There is not only colour shade variation between dye batches. There is also shade variation within batches or even in a single fabric roll. The amount of dye stuff, machinery, time, fabric quality, employee error, etc., are a few of the many possible issues that can contribute to colour problems.
John England is not a dyer themselves so does not have full control of the dyeing process. Unfortunately we rely on third-party dyers to give us a service. We do use our knowledge of the industry to try and minimise problems for our customers.
A wide range of on-trend colours
John England customers want to buy on-trend colours. They also like to avoid colours that everyone else has. To enable the company to satisfy this demand John England must hold a range of on-trend unique colours.
What John England does
John England is a relatively small company so to make it affordable to hold a range of colours in stock John England must dye small batches of 150-300 metres. Dyeing in small batches is much more expensive, and problematic. This obviously creates the problem of variation between batches. It is much more difficult to control dyeing in small batches, and between small batches. Especially if non-standard dyes are used.
Apart from this fabrics made from natural fibres can often have more of a problem anyhow. There is natural variations in the fibres, yarns and fabric themselves.
Recognising the market they are in, some top end manufacturers make a feature out of this small batch manufacturing variation. This is because it is an indicator, to the cognoscenti, that you are using bespoke made fabrics, dyed in expensive small batches.
As mentioned before John England does not accept this argument. It is a management problem.
One of the easiest ways to minimise this problem is to use standard dyes and chemicals. This is not easy to do if you are trying to match a current on-trend colour which has no standard dye.
It also helps to produce large batches to cover your projected requirement for a given period. This however does involve a stock holding. Most of John England customers work in the higher end or bespoke fashion market and do not always want to do this. However, larger batches are often easier to deal with technically and can keep variation to a minimum.
One way John England manages this situation is by issuing every batch with a batch number (FE????). Customers if they are aware of this number can quote it when requesting top-ups. If there is any of this batch still in stock for their repeat order they can minimise dye batch variation. This is especially a problem if the repeat order is being made-up with the previous order. Possibly as extra curtains, cushions, or to repair upholstery.
Quality control is important when managing the problem of dye batch variation. John England get samples for approval from the dyer before the bulk dyeing to allow rejection if not up to standard. However, it is not always easy to reject a dye batch if the customer is pushing for urgent delivery.
Cutting to length is not a service John England regularly provide, but can quote for.
Normally John England aims to work with rolls of fabric which are 20-30 metres in length. These lengths of fabric fit into our washing machines, and provide the best finish. Lengths of around 20-30 metres are also easily handled by our staff and those of the shipping companies.
Cutting to precise lengths for our customers is a service we can provide. However, it can leave us with lots of short lengths from the rolls which we have not costed in to our normal prices.
John England fabrics are all dyed to good light fastness standards. However, over time curtain fabrics will fade, particularly if they are exposed to direct sunlight. If your curtains are unlined they will fade much faster than lined curtains. The most effective way to protect your fabric is to use a blackout lining as this will prevent any direct sunlight reaching the dyed fabric.
John England cannot accept responsibility for the fading of curtain fabrics where lining has not been used. Prolonged exposure of unlined curtains to daylight even in northern countries can be a problem.
The Company shall be deemed not to be aware of any special, or particular, purpose for which the goods or any product made therefrom is required. If any special, or particular, characteristics are required in the goods they must be stated on the contract.
John England supply fabrics to trade customers for many end-uses. These fabrics do not normally possess any special fire resistance properties or treatments.
As stated in our terms and conditions of trade. Unless stated on the contract. The Company shall be deemed not to be aware of any special, or particular, purpose for which the goods or any product made therefrom is required. If any special, or particular, characteristics are required in the goods they must be stated on the contract.
In the United Kingdom the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire Safety) Regulations 1988 (as amended in 1989, 1993 and 2010) set levels of fire resistance. These are for domestic upholstered furniture, furnishings and other products containing upholstery. These are UK law and are designed to ensure that upholstery components and composites used for furniture supplied in the UK meet specified ignition resistance levels. These items require to be suitably labelled.
Curtain fabrics should also comply with the required fire safety regulations.
There are many companies which can flameproof fabrics in cut lengths or rolls to meet the fire safety regulations. Upholstery companies, or companies which make-up finished goods for upholstery or curtain end-uses should be aware of these regulations.
Most customers do not state the end-use they intend the fabrics for. However, if in doubt please discuss with our sales team.
John England can supply fabrics for a wide range of end-uses.
John England can supply fabrics for a wide range of end-uses. The majority of our fabrics contain 100% linen (flax). They also include other blends such as linen with wool, cotton, polyester or nylon to give abrasion resistance. The minimum order size from stock items is 6 metres, and a minimum custom dye run is 100 metres .
As the company are weavers we can also weave your own design, or come up with a new design for you.
Examples of John England fabric end-uses can be seen below:
- Apparel linens (plain fabrics (several different weights), Jacquard damasks, 3D fabrics (new*), multi-layered fabrics, extra wide fabrics, coated fabrics)
- Theatrical costumes
- Upholstery (rub tested) (not supplied flameproofed as standard)
- Loose Covers
- Curtains (not supplied flameproofed as standard)
- Bed linen (fabrics up to 3 metres wide, white and ecru held in stock)
- Table linen (plain linens and damask, up to 3 metres wide)
- Printing fabrics
- Huckaback towelling fabric
- Fabrics for ecclesiastical linens (mainly white Irish linen)
- Handkerchief fabric (plain)
- Irish linen wedding dress fabric
Even low blends of linen have an advantageous influence on fabrics which are in direct contact with the human body. These include items such as clothing and bedding.
Benefits of Using Linen
The benefits of using linen are asked about a lot by customers. Pure linen fabrics, made from flax fibres, are characterised by a pleasant and cool handle. At high ambient temperatures the physiological properties of linen outclass by far other fibres – in particularly taking into account direct contact with the human body. Linen has a very good absorption properties.
In addition to this the non-allergic, antibacterial, and antimycotic properties of linen are getting greater emphasis. Even low blends of linen have an advantageous influence on fabrics which are in direct contact with the human body. These include items such as clothing and bedding.
Static electricity that can build up on our bodies and everyday objects, and the mini-shocks that may result, these usually only cause mild discomfort. They have not been shown to have a detrimental effect on human health. However, some people do appear to be particularly sensitive to static shocks. In such cases the constant anticipation of the shock can contribute to high stress levels.
In some circumstances, static electricity presents a safety risk. This is especially true where flammable liquid or vapour may be ignited by an electrostatic spark. In certain industries this needs to be taken into consideration and protected against.
Some people produce more electrostatic charge than others, for various reasons including body size and the materials their clothing and shoes are made of. Clothes made from wool, silk or synthetics, and plastic-soled shoes can all cause electrostatic charge to build up. Some people simply feel electrostatic shocks more than others.
Linen is one solution to this problem. It minimises the build up of static electricity, and is not a source of it.
John England receive a very large number of requests; mainly from students on fashion courses. They can only sponsor students in exceptional circumstances.
John England would very much like to help all students with free fabric as they feel passionately about the industry. They would like to encourage all young design students. However, sponsoring students is just not always possible for a small business.
John England receive a very large number of requests; mainly from students on fashion courses. However, the company can only offer support in very exceptional circumstances.
If you think your situation might be exceptional you should write to John England (Banbridge) Ltd explaining your case. This must be confirmed, on letter headed paper from your college, by a senior member of staff. If John England is not satisfied with this response the offer may be declined.
If requests are too numerous, John England may not reply.
Any support will be in the way of a reasonable amount of John England unique fabrics. This must be acknowledged by you in any papers, design creations, or fashion shows.
When linen fabrics are in contact with the skin, the nodes along the length of the fibre absorb perspiration. They then swell and release the moisture to the outside air, thus creating a fabric self cooled by evaporation.
Linen is known for its comfort in hot or humid climates.
When linen fabrics are in contact with the skin, the nodes along the length of the fibre absorb perspiration. They then swell and release the moisture to the outside air, thus creating a fabric self cooled by evaporation. As a result linen is a popular choice for clothing and bedding particularly in hot climates.
There is nothing John England would like better than to have zero lead time for stock fabrics. However, there is a waiting time because we have lots of other orders in the pipeline.
There is nothing John England would like better than to have zero lead time for stock fabrics. However, there is a waiting time because we have lots of other orders in the pipeline. It is not generally a case of just lifting the linen off the shelf. In most cases it requires cutting and examination, washing and packing.
If you are prepared to take directly from stock whatever is on the roll; without washing. This is the easiest way for us to speed up your order.
When we take the fabric out of stock to examine, before preparing the order, we may not be happy with the quality. We will not intentionally ship inferior products.
John England assures all customers that we will do our best to get your order out as soon as possible. However, we always try to ship first to those customers who have got the orders in first, and we like to take care with every order.
Real flax Linen is a yarn or fabric made from the fibre of the cultivated flax plant, named Linum usitatissimum.
Real flax linen is a yarn or fabric made from the fibre of the cultivated flax plant, named Linum usitatissimum.
This domesticated species is believed to have been developed during cultivation. It is a cellulosic plant fibre, or bast fibre. It forms the fibrous bundles in the inner bark of the stems of the plant. The flax plant is an annual that grows to a height of about a metre. The fibres run the entire length of the stem and help hold it upright. The fibre strands are normally released from the cellular and woody stem tissue by a process known as retting (controlled rotting). In Ireland this was traditionally done in water in rivers, ponds or retting dams.
Today the term linen can be confusing. Linen was once in such common use that it became a generic word for articles or garments, such as sheets, tablecloths, or underwear, formerly made of linen. Today these items are usually made of other fibres, especially cotton or polyester/cotton. These are not real flax linen.
Flax is European grown, and is more sustainable and environmentally friendly than many other fibres. It is a rare product and represents less than 1% of textile fibres consumed worldwide.
The minimum order for any one colour of our stock plain fabrics is the very low amount of 6 metres, and our minimum wholesale order value is only £200 for wholesale orders. It usually only takes two 6 metre lengths to cover the minimum order value.
The minimum order for any one colour of our stock plain fabrics is the very low amount of 6 metres, and our minimum wholesale order value is only £200 for wholesale orders. It usually only takes two 6 metre lengths to cover the minimum order value.
The John England 6 metre length service is generally seen as a sample order to help customers try new fabrics.
John England would very much like to be able to supply any quantity of fabric our customers want. Unfortunately this is not practical, nor commercial. Selling retail quantities at wholesale prices is not an easy problem to overcome.
For our textured or Jacquard woven fabrics the minimum order size is 12 metres. Again this is a try-out quantity. We prefer customers do not repeat purchase the same fabric in such short lengths. Repeat orders for the same fabric should be for greater quantities.
Offering fabrics with on-trend colours in shorter lengths, at realistic prices, is one of John England’s unique services. John England colours are continually reviewed and kept up to date.
The best way to get John England linens, at the best prices, is to buy any one item in quantities greater than 250 metres.